A year passed since the invasion of Georgian troops into South Ossetia. According to experts, today over Tskhinvali once again the clouds are gathering … History of South Ossetia as an ethno-geographical units of land Ossetia more than two thousand years. These ancient, old Georgian and ancient Armenian sources clearly indicate that Ossetian (Scythian-Sarmatian) affiliation of ancient and medieval population of the southern slopes of the central Caucasus. For example, "The Armenian geography VII century BC tells us that this area was part of early medieval Alania. Throughout its long history of South Ossetia has been largely independent of external domination, although more than once subjected to invasions by the Kartli (eastern Georgia) rulers. By the time of the establishment of the Russian administration in the Caucasus at the turn of XVIII-XIX centuries, Ossetia, both in the north and south was actually independent.
Although legally Ossetia into the Russian empire in the 70s of the XVIII century, it took several decades for approval in the south of the Russian administration. The actual accession of South Ossetia occurred in 1830 after the military expedition of the Russian troops under General Rennenkampf. In 1843, the territory of South Ossetia as part of the Tiflis province was formed Ossetia region, which consisted of the territory of modern Russia. The inclusion of South Ossetia in the administrative-territorial system of the Russian Empire was not accompanied, however, Russia's recognition of any dependence of South Ossetia from Georgia. Therefore, the Georgian feudal lords and princes Machabeli Eristavi attempted to achieve with the help of Russian arms control over South Ossetia, putting its population in a dependent position.