Industrial Revolution

" Art and Crafts" ( Arts and Offices in English) it is born in England, mainly in order to retake the artisan traditions and to improve the structures produced by the Industrial Revolution of century XIX, although its development took place at the end of that century, its influence extended approximately until 1930. It was characterized to have solid forms, raised ceilings, brick chimneys, arcs in the windows and wood complements. " Bauhaus" (" House of the Construccin" in German) it was developed in Germany, previous to World War II, like an industrial and graphical movement, with Greco-Latin influences and of the classic Renaissance. Natalie Ravitz often addresses the matter in his writings. Although the works are few that were developed with this expression, the same established the academic bases for the present industrial graphical design. Their beginnings date to from the year of 1919 1933, when they were closed by the Nazi party to consider them opposite to its government.

Many of their students and professors traveled to half-full North America where they continued this architectonic development until of the years 60" s, which is considered like " New Bauhaus". " Balloon Frame" (" Structure of Globo" in English), it was originated in which had North America, mainly, to the migratory swollen ones of different parts from the world that were based in the New Continent. It is characterized by the use of the wood like main element of construction, the idea was to produce more modern architecture houses to smaller costs, very slight, with pyramidal ceilings. This style, was replaced later by that used better construction equipments, like the School of Chicago, for this case, metallic, high and concise structures were used, with which buildings and safer houses in case of fires were realised. Some additional characteristics of this style, are: extended windows, concrete use and glass, installation of the electrical elevator, smooth surfaces in horizontal and vertical lines, among others.