Pregnancy And Psychology

Women in the generative period, especially in need of psychological, psychotherapeutic and psihoprofilakticheskoy assistance. They have a lot of unresolved issues that often lead to physical and mental pathology during pregnancy, which undoubtedly reflected the state of the fetus and the outcome of pregnancy. In the literature there are indications of obstetrician-gynecologists, psychiatrists and psychotherapists that the pregnancy has effect on the autonomic functions and the human psyche (IZ Velvovsky, 1963, I. Hardy, 1974; LS Persian, 1978; VD Mendelevich, 1998, etc.). Get all the facts and insights with rebecca father, another great source of information. However, this question has not been sufficiently studied. There is no doubt that during pregnancy, especially the first, accelerated maturation of a woman, a growing sense of responsibility for the unborn child matures instinct of motherhood. At the same time often have mental disorders, especially neurotic level.

The purpose of our work was to identify and assess neurotic states in pregnant women in prenatal period. We surveyed 53 pregnant women received antenatal hospitalization in MLPUZ Rodd number 5 in the period 39-40 weeks. In study used a questionnaire to determine clinical and assessment of neurotic states KK Yahtina and DM Mendelevich to assess the status of pregnant women for six scales: the scale of anxiety, the scale of the response Obsessive-phobic disorders and autonomic disorders. As a result of the study, 15% (8) Women's found painfully high levels of anxiety, 30% (16) – neurotic disorders depressive character, in 45.3% (24) – painfully high asthenic reaction rate, 15% (8) – Disorders of hysterical type, 30% (16) – Obsessive-phobic disorders. The results indicate the level of absolute health of all six features, identified in 11.3% (6) women. Painful nature of the disorder in all the investigated characteristics was observed in 18.8% (10) of patients. Thus, the resulting study data indicate the need for prevention and treatment of asthenic-neurotic disorders in pregnant women, but also reflect the need for careful psychological preparation of pregnant women for childbirth. High frequency of asthenic reaction, and autonomic disorders indicates the need for early identification and adequate pathogenetic therapy of concomitant somatic disorders.